Human Rights Abuses

Islam in the 7th century set forth public and private rights in a codified form on the basis of which a modern social welfare state could be established.Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) presented the concept of human rights in his celebrated last farewell address. He laid emphasis on the equality of all men before God, the rights of slaves or servants, women and wives and the rights of all to enjoy their property and money freely and suitably. The democratic developments in England, France and the US resulted in the form of law guaranteeing rights of human beings, democratic equality and justice. The UN  charter of human rights is again a repetition of their principles. Our own constitution contains a chapter on fundamental human rights of liberty and equality in all possible forms though its implementation is still a far cry.

The abuse or violation of human rights is common in the less developed countries in Asia, Africa, Europe and South America. But even in the advanced parts of the world in Europe and America human rights are abused though not on such a vast scale. the most painful and  shameful violations of human rights have taken place in the recent times in Afghanistan,Kashmir,Palestine,Bosnia,Iraq and  in various African countries. There has been an international outcry against human rights violations in Kashmir. The human rights violation by the US  and  Britain in their treatment of  Iraqi  prisoners in 2004 and earlier remained in hot  debate in the mass media.

On our  national scene human rights violations in the from of child labour in factories and homes, cruelty to women police torture, denial of equal rights to the poor and helpless in selection for government  and private jobs favors shown to the rich and powerful in the grant of  bank loans and  economic benefits, cruelty by stronger religions and social groups to weaker groups and large scale  injustice by employers to the employees or workers on village farms and in production centers are among the common violations of human rights in the society .Child beating in the home is a familiar violation of human rights. Firstly the common people should be educated in the shortest possible time to certain reasonable standards.

The educated masses then would understand how to exercise their rights protect themselves and their rights from powerful and aggressive groups. Secondly all possible efforts should be made to bring about economic justice as early as possible. The feudal system in our villages should be broken up speedily. large land holdings  should be taken away and the released land should be divided into medium size units to be cultivated by poor farmers with government help. The water resources should be put to the best use to the benefit of all. Thirdly in and around the cities the businesses and industries should be induced to employ educated labour and pay them handsomely. Fourthly the law of the land should be modified according to our changing economic social and political needs. New laws should be framed to meet new situations. The future of human rights is brighter.

 By Iram


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