Menopause H.R.T.

What is menopause HRT? It is hormone replacement therapy. In the past days HRT was highly recommended for the treatment of menopause and menopausal symptoms. HRT therapy also recommended for the prevention of osteoporosis and heart disease in ladies. Hormone replacement therapy is used to supplement the body with estrogen alone or estrogen and progesterone in combination, after and before menopause. Estrogen and progesterone are hormones. And these hormones produced by the ovaries of women’s.. In menopause the ovaries cannot produce the sufficient amount of these two hormones then HRT can be given to supplement the body with sufficient levels of estrogen and progesterone hormones.

But the question arise here that why the doctors supplement the body with these two hormones so estrogen and progesterone both jointly thicken the lining of the uterus and prepare it for the implantation of fertilized eggs. Estrogen look after that how the body uses calcium and also play role when important minerals uses in the building of bones,  and helps maintain healthy levels of cholesterol in blood. Estrogen as well keeps the vagina healthy. And other hormone progesterone used with estrogen in women’s who still have their uterus. In these women’s if only uses estrogen without progesterone then it can increases the estrogen levels in women and can cause of cancer in women’s. Progesterone reduces the risk of endometrial cancer by making the endometrial shed each month. As a result the ladies who have the progesterone may have monthly bleeding. Monthly bleeding can be tapering or may be in some cases eradicated because of using the estrogen and progesterone hormones both. The ladies whose don’t have uterus, no need to use progesterone.

There are two main types of Hormone Replacement Therapy. Estrogen therapy and progesterone & estrogen therapy. Estrogen therapy, in this therapy estrogen uses alone. Often doctors suggest the low amount of estrogen in the form of pills or patch everyday or it can be in form of cream but should be use in low quantity. This therapy alleviates the menopause and its symptoms and reduces the osteoporosis.

Second one therapy is progesterone and estrogen therapy, in this therapy the doctors uses the estrogen and small amount of progesterone in combination. These two hormones in combination can be given mountainously to stop monthly bleeding which can happen when combination is used. The current recommendation is that the combination should be given in small quantity for use for the treatment of menopause.

By Rehana khan(111/10)

    

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