Energy crisis – load shedding

Electric energy is of utmost importance for the survival of modern life. Prosperity of a country is directly linked with the supply of energy. Electricity is needed in every sector of modern life. The working of railways, hospitals, business centers, entirely depend on electricity without electricity our farms and industry will stop production. Our houses, trade centers, roads, schools and colleges will turn into grave yards. It is unfortunate that the production of such a vital thing is insufficient in Pakistan. The production of electricity is far less than the growing needs of our farms, industries, mills and factories. The population of our country is growing at a very rapid rate. The production of electricity is far less to meet the increasing needs of our future. The result is that we have to resort to load shedding of power in the country.

      The load shedding of power has affected our country badly. It has disturbed our social, economic and cultural life badly. The industry and business of the country come to a halt during the prolonged hours of load shedding. The hospitals and medical educational centers suffer a lot. The business centers are plunged into darkness. The traffic on roads is disturbed badly. Everything suffers a jolt. The whole stream of life stops. Such a thing is not possible if we have sufficient supply of power. We do not have sufficient supply of power due to the following reasons.  First we produce electricity from water, oil, coal and gas. Water is the cheapest sources of producing electricity.we have failed to build kala bagh dam had it been built the power supply would have been in plentiful and at same time it would have been cheap.

      The water level in the dams like tarbela, mangla and Warsaw has become very low. The generation of electricity has also suffered. In order to overcome load shedding we should have built new dams.

      Second the electricity produce by coal, gas and oil is very costly. The electricity produced by these elements is called thermal power. The setting up of thermal power station is highly expensive for a developing country like ours; the electricity supplied by thermal stations is not affordable by the consumers. It is not even buildable for the competitive industry of the country.

      Third we can produce electricity by nuclear energy. Nuclear power stations are not easy to set.  The nuclear reactor are very costly. The western countries utilize nuclear energy as a major source of energy. In France 80% of energy is produced by nuclear reactors. This is not possible in Pakistan. We suffer from shortage of electricity due to the following reasons also,

    the demand for electricity increased due to the electrification of villages. The new housing colonies also need it for domestic use. This has increased the demand of electricity. The use of electricity increases is summer. The usage of air conditioners is increasing every year. The consumption of electricity increases as compared with its production.

     The measures to save energy have badly failed. The business centers, hotels, roads and streets are lit up during night hours. People use electricity as generously as possible the entire nation suffers from indiscipline. We can fight against energy crisis by adopting the following measures.

1-     The generation of electricity can be increased by setting up more power stations. We should build more dams to store water in order to produce electricity at cheap rates.

2-     Nuclear energy should be used as a major source of energy.

3-     The government should undertake research to find ways and means to generate more power by cheap sources. Solar energy can be used as a main source of energy.

4-     A campaign on electronic media should be started to save energy by all means. The masses should be made aware of the true nature of power crisis.

5-     All business centers should be closed after 8 o clock at night. Marriages should be held during day time only. In this way we can save a lot of energy.

By Iram Shahzadi


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