History of ships

Steamboat is an important part of the industrial revolution; the 18th during the Century has been adopted. The roots of the idea of ​​the ships back to the invention of the steam engine inventor James Watt, who has been tested successfully, be traced back in 1769. Watt system, a steam engine train run, the move was to the railroad. Watt’s engine developed in the steam engine and is the foundation of modern mechanical movement. Inventors toying with the idea of ​​Watt and experiments were to use it in different modes in the process.

Steamboat was first published in the United States of America in 1787 as inventor John Fitch Steamboat made a prototype, which was forty-five meters long and the design is based on the Watt steam power to enslave. The prototype was on 22 August 1787, tested the Delaware River. U.S. Constitutional Convention members were present to witness this historic event. After a successful test of the prototype, a commercial steamer was built by Fitch. This boat is used as a transport medium for travel between Philadelphia and Burlington, New Jersey. A patent has been by the Government of the United States for the invention Fitch on 26 August 1791 capitulated. Another inventor is James Rumsey supported by patent rights. Between 1785 – 1796 Fitch built four types of steam boats. All four ships have different models that were on the power of steam-powered careers. The boat was a prototype; used pallets provided a second, third, fourth boat paddle wheels and screw propellers used. These innovations in Steamboat were the basis for the manufacture of ships and boats that are powered by diesel strain. Although scientific models have been successes, they were not suitable for commercial production.

Inventor Robert Fulton was the first person to build a commercially successful steamboat, which was established in 1807 to life. He traveled to New York in Albany during its maiden voyage. Journey took 32 hours and a distance of 150 miles.

Commercial use of Steamboat as a medium of transportation began in 1811, when Robert Fulton and Livingston, the famous steam ship “New Orleans” was built. The passenger liner that came down the Mississippi was so successful that by the end of 1814, Fulton and Edward Livingston, brother of Robert Livingston, a transport service in Louisiana, New Orleans and Natchez started. The average speed of the vessels was about 8 kmh downstream and 3 miles per hour uphill. A service is a very comfortable journey for passengers and also they could make a good amount of luggage. Field Trip at this time had to do with horses and carts or carriages had to be transported very cumbersome.

Promoting the use of boats began in 1816, when Henry Miller Shreve, a new boat as a “Washington”, who traveled from New Orleans to Kentucky started known in 25 days. By the end of 1853, Steamboat trip was so fast and comfortably took the same trip just Around four minutes before five days.

Steamboat has been frequently used in the United States so that the end of 1850 to the mid’s were not as many as 1200 boats sailing in New Orleans alone. Steamboat importance as a carrier died in 1870, arrived after several steam engines modernized railway. Development of road transport is the commercial importance of small diesel engine boats.

Steamboat is still in the United States, albeit in small quantities. It was part of early American culture and was closely connected with the Mississippi River. As River Steamboat was a beautiful part of the stories by Mark Twain.

 By Taha Mateen


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