Poverty in Pakistan

Pakistan is a poor and under developed country. Most of its population lives in entirely adverse circumstances. Some reports reveal that more than forty percent population of Pakistan lives below the line of poverty. A large number of people in our country do not have proper place to live, this miserable condition has given birth to a large number of beggars and needy people who live on the charity of the rich people .The economic condition of an average individual is very pathetic.Poverty; hunger and unemployment afflict a large section of population. The causes of poverty are quite obvious and known.

    Firstly we are facing a population explosion. There are more mouths to feed than there are hands to earn. Ones income is limited; he cannot afford to maintain a large family. He works hard and consequently he falls ill and dies. Then his wife steps in works in village, fields or city, homes to bring up her children, this cycle of poverty goes on. Poor remain a poor, the whole of his life. The main cause of poverty in Pakistan lies in the difference between the resources and the population increase.

    Secondly most of the people in Pakistan are uneducated. They are ill equipped to lead a good life; they do not know the modern methods of farming. They are ignorant to better ways of earning money in the mills and factories with poor knowledge of life. They cannot increase production in mills and factories. Modern machinery is mostly computerized. An uneducated person cannot understand and operate computer. The result is that the remains poor till the last day of his life. It is very sad that result do not educate the workers. The workers do not get a chance to earn more money.

    Thirdly our economic system is based on feudalism. A big landlord keeps the small farmers and workers under his political slavery. The haris in sindh for example have tried to get free of the feudal lords but to no success. In Punjab and Nwfp the same condition exists. The economic condition of the small farmers and workers cannot become better in the presence of feudal lords.

     Fourthly, Pakistan is a country where does not exist any form of social, cultural and economic justice. The rich people in Pakistan are becoming richer while the poor are becoming poorer. The economic disparity between the rich and the poor has eaten the very vitals of society. The interesting thing is that no ruler has paid attention to minimize this disparity. The rich do not pay taxes; they do not abide by any law. They live in a rich bungalow, ride a beautiful car and send their children to costly schools. They enjoy every comfort and luxury of life without any hindrance.

     Fifthly poverty in Pakistan exists due to scarcity of jobs in the public and govt sector. Our rulers are not responsible, dedicated and missionary. They failed to build new dams, a network of industry and roads in the country. The shortage of electricity and gas has resulted the lock up of mills and factories. New factories were not set up in the past. The result is that our uneducated worker remains unemployed the educated people have degrees, but they do not have opportunities to get job.

     Many countries in the world have solved this problem Pakistan too can solve the problem by adopting the following measures.

  1-the rulers of Pakistan must discard their lavish way of living. They must be one with their people; they must lead a life of a common and hard working person. This will go a long way to bride over the disparity between a rich and poor person.

 2-the population explosion must be controlled. People should be educated and guided to produce small number of children.

 3-more industries, mills and factories should be set up to provide jobs to the workers and small farmers.

 4- Education must be made compulsory for all the individuals in Pakistan. It will train them earn more money by using their skill in a modern way. Opportunities to get computer education should also be increased.

By Iram Shahzadi


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