Russo-Japanese War

Let us consider the situation from a prospective military strategy, the Russo-Japanese cases, important strategic locations on the map. If at any atlas of the eastern Russian coast, the Pacific View is reached, you will notice that the Sea of ​​Japan and the Kamchatka Peninsula, there are countless places where prominent trade ports and military stations can be set to North Pacific Ocean and all surrounding areas to dominate. The problem is that many of the ports of port on the Kamchatka Peninsula in the summer, where, how Providence has ports are called Manchuria. Almost the entire coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula, including the cost of the Korean Peninsula and eastern China have been areas of interest were also where the real war was being waged.

What was the Russo-Japanese War

Although the Russo-Japanese chronology is accurate to between 2/8/1904 5/9/1905 There are several different events that led to conflict. Meiji Restoration in Japan has changed not only society but also from the Empire of Japan in isolation. Japanese government began to rapidly progress and military technical progress Japan has made to the map of the imperial race. In the sphere of Russian influence has spread to the Russian empire, politically, militarily and economically to the east and the Russian port of Vladivostok, Manchuria is appropriate, quickly became a strategic location. The Russians built right line to connect the Trans-Siberian railway to that port in western Russia in name.

The second important factor was seen as a likely cause was the Treaty of Shimonoseki, which concluded 1894-1895 Sino-Japanese conflict. In the treaty ceded sovereignty Korean China, Taiwan, the Pescadores and the Liaodong Peninsula to Japan. These areas were caused in the vicinity of the east coast of Russia to sweat the Tsar. The smart move for international diplomacy orchestrated Russians “Triple Intervention” with Germany and France, where in return for the financial interests of the Japanese withdrew from the Liaodong Peninsula. After this in a completely unexpected move, Port Arthur is on the peninsula and the waters around Talienwan were leased by Russia. An extension of commercial interest in the countries of Russia, Korean, Japan share much in a warm bed. Moreover, when the Boxer revolution has taken place several European countries have peace interventions, organized, including Russia. Russian troops have taken to Manchuria and founded the province of 177 000 soldiers, and not to evacuate, even to the end of 1903.

Unsuccessful negotiations before the war took place in St. Petersburg and distorting measures were due to the Tsar Nicholas II and his advisers do not complete the negotiations. The Japanese government broke with the Russian Empire and issued a declaration of war in 8th February 1904. Russian Far East Fleet and Port Arthur, were immediately attacked by the Japanese Navy. Russia declared war a week later, and things in motion, began the war.

Russo-Japanese War Summary

Russian-Japanese war lasted about a year since the Battle of Port Arthur. Heihachiro Admiral Togo led the Japanese at Port Arthur bloody battle we remained closed. Now, Japan as the factor of distance is used Russian troops were not in a position to North Korea or Manchuria travel short. Therefore, landed a fast heart rate, Japanese, under the guise of fighting Port Arthur Port in Incheon in Korea, and quickly occupied Seoul. Kuroki ITEI Under his command, followed by Russia occupied Manchuria invaded over the Yalu.

Now, Russia’s strategic position quite different from what was expected. The number of troops was limited reinforcements were miles away, the Trans-Siberian line. Russia has a very smart move, by using combat, defensive tactics of delay and the ownership of land not only launch offensive strategies. This was done to buy time, until support arrived. This proved to be successful to some degree, such as the Battle of Yalu proved aa very bloody battle, and also the intensive Japanese losses suffered in the Battle of Nanshan immediately after.

Port Arthur, while blocked by the Japanese navy ships. Vice Admiral Makarov had taken command of the Russian Imperial Navy, but his brief campaign resulted in his death and the loss of a war. In a move to retaliate if the Russians me to sink several large managed a Japanese battleship. The loss of the Russian fleet at strategic locations throughout Japan and some led to a fall of Port Arthur and also opened the 1905 campaign. During the campaign has been slow due to hard winters in a very, very bold step Grippenberg General Oskar, the Japanese attacked a vulnerable flank, which proved to be successful. Unfortunately, he had to stop, so that Sandepu completed Battle of us. This was another bloody battlefield Mukden and Tsushima battle over who saw combined followed the conflict in the Russian second Pacific squadron and the Japanese fleet.

The battle was noted that a Japanese victory and peace in the Treaty of Portsmouth was in the office of U.S. president Theodore Roosevelt. Japan won Korea and Russia should sign to evacuate Port Arthur and Manchuria.

What was so special about the Russo-Japanese war? First, as is the first modern war era in which Asian nation defeated a European power to be, and secondly and most importantly, it led to the Russian Revolution of 1905. Measure of the revolution was as large as the Polish uprising in Russia, an army had to reduce 250000-300000 soldiers are stationed. This went ahead in most of the Revolution and the founding of the first congress of Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) and additional ideas socialist “people” rule in Russia.

By Taha Mateen

    

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