Archive for the "Diseases" Category

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INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a spectrum of chronic idiopathic inflammatory intestinal conditions. IBD causes significant gastrointestinal symptoms that include diarrhoea, abdominal pain, bleeding, anaemia, and weight loss. IBD also is associated with a spectrum of extra intestinal manifestations, including arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, sclerosing cholangitis, uveitis, iritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, and erythema nodosum. IBD conventionally is [...]

ANGINA PECTORIS

Angina pectoris, the primary symptom of ischemic heart disease, is caused by transient episodes of myocardial ischemia that are due to an imbalance in the myocardial oxygen supply-demand relationship. This imbalance may be caused by an increase in myocardial oxygen demand (which is determined by heart rate, ventricular contractility, and ventricular wall tension) or by [...]

MALARIA

Malaria especially that is caused by Plasmodium falciparum is the world’s most devastating human parasitic infection. Malaria afflicts nearly 500 million people and causes some 2 million deaths each year. Infection with P. falciparum, which preferentially affects children younger than 5 years of age, pregnant women, and nonimmune individuals, is responsible for nearly all this [...]

HYPERLIPIDAEMIA

Hyperlipidaemia is a major cause of atherosclerosis and atherosclerosis-associated conditions, such as coronary heart disease (CHD), ischemic cerebrovascular disease, and peripheral vascular disease. Although the incidence of these atherosclerosis-related events has declined in the United States, these conditions still account for the majority of morbidity and mortality among middle-aged and older adults. The incidence and [...]

GASTROINTESTINAL MOTILITY

The gastrointestinal tract is in a continuous contractile, absorptive, and secretory state. The control of this state is complex, with contributions by the muscle itself, local nerves (i.e., the enteric nervous system, ENS), the central nervous system (CNS), and humoral pathways. Of these, perhaps the most important regulator of physiological gut function is the ENS [...]

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE

In the United States, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common, and it is estimated that one in five adults has symptoms of heartburn or gastroesophageal regurgitation at least once a week. Although most cases follow a relatively benign course, GERD in some individuals can cause severe erosive esophagitis; serious sequelae include stricture formation and Barrett’s [...]

Dandruff

Hair care Tips Can Restore Your Hair Health Hair makes an important part of your personality but unfortunately these are the most neglected one. Often people focus their figure, face, hands and feet but forget hair. You must remember that hair can be your recognition if these are good enough to be remembered. Hair care [...]

HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE (HD)

HD is a dominantly inherited disorder characterized by the gradual onset of motor incoordination and cognitive decline in midlife. Symptoms develop insidiously, either as a movement disorder manifest by brief, jerk like movements of the extremities, trunk, face, and neck (chorea) or as personality changes or both. Fine motor incoordination and impairment of rapid eye [...]

ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE (AD)

AD produces an impairment of cognitive abilities that is gradual in onset but relentless in progression. Impairment of short-term memory usually is the first clinical feature, whereas retrieval of distant memories is preserved relatively well into the course of the disease. As the condition progresses, additional cognitive abilities are impaired, among them the ability to [...]

Asthma

About three decades before, asthma was heard with some shocking ears and sympathising eyes but now every other person is suffering with asthma. You can’t find any age group free of this disease. Children even infants are found very vulnerable to this disease. This unique article of mine will help you know what is the [...]